Nocturia: Frequent urination at night, causes, symptoms, and treatment

Kidneys play a major role in urination by which the body gets rid of waste fluids. Water in urine, uric acid, urea, and toxic substances and wastes are filtered from within the body.

Urine stays in the bladder until it reaches perfection and there is a desire to urinate. At this point, the urine is removed from the body.

Urine frequency is not the same as urinary incontinence, which refers to having little control over the bladder. Urine frequency is meant to travel only to the bathroom to urinate more often. This urine can happen with incontinence, but it is not the same.

Most people go for urine 6 to 7 times in a 24-hour period.

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Frequent urination at night?

There is a treatment for frequent urination in the night, and if you have these different symptoms of urine, then we have to first find out the reasons for this problem.

Patients or individual should keep in mind the frequent urine complaints. If you feel the need to urinate several times in the night, you may have a serious situation.

In the case of urine in men in the night, the prostate disease is considered.

While waking up in women for urinating in the night, especially after the period of menopause, it is considered a regular task because there is no prostate disease in women.

There may be frequent urination in the night for several reasons, from the increase in prostate to pregnancy, from bladder swelling to urinary tract infections.

The frequent urination in the night is called “nocturia” in the medical language.

What is nocturia?

Nocturia is a medical term for frequent urination at night. At bedtime, your body produces less urine which is more concentrated. This means that most people do not have to wake up in the night to urinate and they can sleep smoothly for 6 to 8 hours continuously.

If you need to wake up two or more times per night to urinate, then you may have nocturnal. In addition to being disruptive in your sleep, nocturia may also indicate an underlying medical condition.

What causes nocturia (Frequent urination at night)?

Lifestyle choices range from overnight to medical conditions. Nocturia is more common in older adults, but it can occur at any age.

Drinking more water

One person may drink too much water (more than 5-6 liters of water per day) or maybe in the habit of drinking water while sleeping. In both cases, extra urine in the body will be formed, which is one of the most common causes of frequent urination in the night.

To avoid such a situation, try drinking water several hours before sleeping. Also, follow the practice of urinating before going to sleep. Avoid taking caffeine or alcohol in the late evening as it stimulates the excess formation of urine in the body.

Medical conditions

Different types of therapeutic conditions can cause a nightmare. Common causes of nocturnal urinary tract infections (UTI) or bladder infections.

These infections cause frequent irritation and urgent urination in the day and night. Treatment requires antibiotics.

Other medical conditions may include:

Bladder growth

Kidney infection


Overactive Bladder (OAB)

Tumors of the bladder, prostate or pelvic region

Prostate infection or enlargement

Obstructive sleep apnea


Alcohol and caffeine

Drinking caffeinated or alcoholic beverages above a specific time can cause urine repeatedly.


Nocturia may be an early symptom of pregnancy. It can develop at the beginning of pregnancy, but it happens later when the growing pregnancy is against the bladder.


Some medicines can be nocturnal in the form of side effects. This is especially true of diuretics (water tablets), which are prescribed for the treatment of hypertension.

If you lose your ability to pee or you can not control your urine anymore, then you should take emergency medical care from the doctor.

Lifestyle choices

Another common cause of nocturnal intake is excessive fluid intake.

Alcohol and caffeinated beverages are diuretics, which means drinking them causes more urine production in your body.

Consumption of alcohol or caffeinated drink in excess quantity may require waking up and urinating in the night.

Other people who have nocturnalities have developed the habit of waking up to pee in the night only.


As the body starts growing, it produces fewer diuretic hormones, which often results in urination, especially at night. Over time, muscles may be weak, which can be difficult to hold in urine.

Symptoms of nocturia

One of the main symptoms of nocturia is frequent urination. If there are other symptoms, they can make another point, possibly more serious condition.

For example, during the night, it is necessary to urinate while disturbing your sleep. It can be a sign of diabetes insipidus or diabetes mellitus.

Other symptoms may need more attention:

Urgent need to urinate, but the only a little amount of urine is produced

Difficulty in urinating despite the insistence

Urine which is bloody, cloudy or unusual

Pain or discomfort while urinating

Vaginal discharge

Increase in hunger or thirst

Chronic damage to bladder control, or urinary incontinence

Fever or chills


Low back or side pain

If other symptoms are present, or if the urinary frequency is affecting the quality of life, it is a good idea to consult or see a doctor.

For example, repeated urination may also indicate a kidney infection.

Untreated, it can damage the kidney permanently. Apart from this, bacteria that cause infection can potentially enter the bloodstream, infect other areas of the body.

It can be a threat to life, and there is a need to pay attention to it.

Treatment and prevention for nocturia

Treatment of urine at night will often depend on its cause:

A urologist can test some tests such as blood sugar test, blood urea test, urine culture, and fluid deficiency.

If the consultation leads to the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, then the purpose of treatment should be to control the level of high blood glucose.

For bacterial kidney infections, the specific course of treatment is antibiotic and painkiller therapy.

If the cause is an overactive bladder, then an anticholinergic drug can be used. They prevent the contraction of abnormal involuntary detergent muscles in the wall of the bladder.

Bladder training and exercises are available to strengthen the muscles of the pelvis and support the urinary tracts which will help to treat and prevent nocturia.

Risk factors if not treated


Kidney stones


Mass or tumor in the pelvic area


Bladder cancer

Urinary tract infection

Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome

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One Comment on “Nocturia: Frequent urination at night, causes, symptoms, and treatment”

  1. Hello.This post was extremely interesting, particularly because I was looking for thoughts on this topic last Thursday.

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