How COVID-19 coronavirus spreads: Precautions and myths

How COVID-19 coronavirus spreads?

At the end of the article, you will know how COVID-19 coronavirus spreads as well how can you take precautions to prevent yourself from the COVID-19 disease.

COVID-19 is a rapid infectious disease that is easily transmitted by coming in direct or indirect (Air-borne) contact with the infected person, and the person is known to show the symptoms after 12-14 days after being infected.

So you may not know if the person is being infected or not till the symptoms are seen in that person.

Also read: COVID-19 coronavirus: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Prevention

How direct contact can spread COVID-19?

How COVID-19 coronavirus spreads: Precautions and myths

If an infected person (unknown to symptoms) is very near to uninfected individual and physical contacts are made such as handshakes, by then touching nose, mouth, eyes, or face the virus is transmitted to uninfected person very easily.

How indirect contact can spread COVID-19?

How COVID-19 coronavirus spreads: Precautions and myths

The indirect contact type transmission of COVID-19 spreads faster than direct contact transmission.

In this type of transmission, without physical contact, the virus is transmitted to uninfected individuals through droplets in the air when an infected person around them (up to 6 feet) coughs, sneezes, talks or sings.

This contaminated droplets can directly enter your nostrils and then to your respiratory system through your nose or mouth, which can be avoided by wearing a mask covering your nose and mouth.

The indirect transmission also includes touching of contaminated surfaces which means when a COVID-19 infected person touches any surfaces for example door handles or taps.

This virus contaminates the surfaces and when the uninfected individual touches that contaminated surfaces the virus is transferred to their hands, and then touching to nose, mouth, eyes, or face can make them infected too.

Precautions to avoid the spread of COVID-19

Here are some simple steps you can take as precautions to avoid the spread of COVID-19 coronavirus.

How COVID-19 coronavirus spreads: Precautions and myths

The best way to avoid and prevention of this COVID-19 virus would be practicing social distancing and staying in self-quarantine at home.

Avoid visiting crowded places because you are more likely to come in close contact with someone with the COIVD-19 virus and it is more difficult to maintain a physical distance of 1m (3 ft) in crowded places.

Keep cleaning your hands regularly and thoroughly with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash them with soap and water which will kill viruses that may be on your hands.

Note: Hand sanitizers recommended for protection against COVID-19 are alcohol-based and therefore may be flammable. Do not use it before fire or cooking.

Note: Under no circumstances, drinking alcohol or giving alcohol-based hand sanitizers to children should be avoided. It can be poisonous.

How COVID-19 coronavirus spreads: Precautions and myths

And if you are visiting crowded places maintain a distance of at least 2 meters (6 ft) between you and others because when a person coughs, sneezes, talks or sings, they sprinkle small droplets in their nose or mouth can travel up to 6 feet that may contain viruses. If you are very close, you can breathe in droplets including the COVID-19 virus when the person has the disease.

Avoid touching your eyes, nose, mouth, or face because our hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses that can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose, or mouth. And through them, the virus can enter your body and infect you.

Use masks to protect your face and to avoid the COVID-19 virus to enter your body. And after use remove the mask from behind and dispose of it in a closed bin. Do not use once used mask again which may infect you if the virus is present in that mask.

Avoid meetings and greetings to the people when you are ill or symptoms like cough, cold, headache, mild fever, etc. are seen. Stay at home or self-quarantine yourself so that others are not infected.

And if any symptoms of COVID-19 virus are seen in you, seek medical attention as soon as possible and also if possible call the telephone in advance and follow the instructions of your local health authority. Because local health authorities will have the most up to date information on the status of your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right healthcare facility. It will also protect you and help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.

Also read: How to relieve stress quickly: Simple ways to reduce stress

Myths related to COVID-19 virus

COVID-19 virus cannot be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climate or exposing yourself to the heat of the sun. But the fact is you can catch the COVID-19 virus, no matter how hot or hot the weather is.

Drinking alcohol can protect you from the COVID-19 virus. But the fact is it will increase the risk for your health and can be dangerous.

COVID-19 virus can only infect older people ages above 50. But the fact is the virus can infect people of all ages, only the risk for people with medical conditions are more vulnerable to become serious with this virus.

Drinking more water and keeping your mouth and throat moist will flush out the virus in the stomach and the stomach acids will kill the virus. The fact is drinking water and keeping your throat and mouth is a good practice for your health, but viruses can infect you though or if any symptoms are seen, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Thermal scanners are not effective in detecting people who are infected with the COVID-19 virus. But the fact is it can detect people who have a fever (ie higher than normal body temperature).

Also, the fact is holding your breath for 10 seconds or more without coughing or feeling restless means it does not mean that you are free from coronavirus disease (COVID-19) or any other lung disease.

Hydroxychloroquine or any other drug can cure or inhibit COVID-19. The fact is currently there is no drug license or vaccine for the COVID-19 virus, so misuse of hydroxychloroquine can lead to serious side effects and illness and even death.

Ultra-violet (UV) lamps should be used to disinfect hands or other areas of your skin. But in fact, UV radiation can cause skin irritation and damage to your eyes.

The COVID-19 coronavirus can be infected with mosquito bites. No, this virus does not infect mosquitos, and also till now, no evidence is found.

Pneumonia vaccines can protect you from the COVID-19 virus. No, this virus is newly originated in 2019, and treatment for this virus may require its own vaccine.

Antibiotics are effective in preventing and treating these coronaviruses. No, antibiotics simply do not work against this bacteria.

Also read: Interesting facts and health benefits of mangoes

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