Coronavirus can be found in many different animals with different types of coronavirus, but it’s very rare that these coronaviruses can be transmitted from animals to humans.
Coronavirus is a family of viruses which includes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
SARS is an infectious and sometimes fatal respiratory disease caused by a coronavirus which can also lead to death.
SARS first appeared originated from China’s Guangdong province in 2002 was spread worldwide within a few months.
SARS is a virus transmitted through droplets that enter the air when a person coughs, sneezes, or interacts, touching a contaminated surface, skin contact.
There are symptoms of fever, dry cough, headache, muscle aches and difficulty in breathing.
There has been no known transmission of the SARS virus since 2004 and in 2015 SARS is declared as a selective agent (A selective agent is a bacteria, virus, or toxin that has the potential to pose a serious threat to public health and safety).
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)
MERS is a viral respiratory disease, was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012 and has since spread to many other countries. Most people infected with MERS-CoV developed severe respiratory illnesses, including fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Many of them have died.
What is COVID-19?
COVID-19 is a type of coronavirus which is newly originated from china in 2019 and discovered as contagious and infectious disease.
COVID-19 coronavirus spreads very rapidly from one individual to another individual when comes in contact with an infected person.
The COVID-19 virus can primarily spread by droplets or nostrils when an infected person coughs or sneezes around an uninfected individual.
An increasing number of COVID-19 cases have been reported in countries, including the US Public Health Group, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), with status and posting Monitoring updates on their websites.
WHO declared a global pandemic by March 2020 recommendations of these groups are also disease prevention and treatment have been released.
People can become ill with the virus for 1 to 14 days before developing symptoms. The most common symptoms of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) are fever, fatigue, and dry cough.
More rarely, the COVID-19 can be severe and even fatal for older people, and people with other medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease), may be more likely to have a higher risk of serious illness or death.
Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and will recover without the need for special treatment.
Other symptoms may include:
Shortness of breath
Aches and pains
And very few people will report diarrhea, nausea or runny nose.
People with mild symptoms should self-isolate themselves and contact the medical helpline of COVID-19 for the advice of testing and medication.
People with fever, cough or difficulty breathing should contact their doctor and seek medical attention.
Doctors can determine whether to conduct a test for COVID-19 based on your signs and symptoms. Also, they will ask or you should tell if you have close contact with someone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19 coronavirus over the past 15-20 days.
To diagnose you, your doctor may run tests to deal with other common infections.
And for COVID-19, your doctor may take samples, including a sample of saliva (sputum), swelling of the nose and a sore throat, to send to a laboratory for testing.
In some cases, a doctor may suggest self-isolation to prevent the spread of infection.
There is currently no antiviral vaccine or treatment of COVID-19 approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration).
If you have common symptoms such as a cold, flu, or cough drink fluids and get plenty of rest. If you have trouble breathing, seek medical attention immediately.
You can also practice hot water therapy to get rid of some common infections such as cough, cold, sore throat infections.
Note: The FDA advises consumers to be cautious of websites selling products that claim to prevent, treat, or cure COVID-19. There are no FDA-approved products to prevent COVID-19.
Products that are marketed for veterinary use, or “for research use only”, are not for human consumption, have not been evaluated for safety and should never be used by humans.
For example, the FDA is aware of people trying to stop COVID-19 by taking a product called chloroquine phosphate, which is sold to treat parasites in aquarium fish. Veterinary use or “use for research only” products can be adversely affected, including critical illness and death, when taken by people.
Do not take any form of chloroquine until it has been prescribed for you by your health care provider and obtained from legitimate sources.
COVID-19 coronavirus can be prevented by practicing social distancing or self-isolation. Also, practice physical distancing by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from large groups of people.
Wash your hands regularly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or clean them by rubbing 60% alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially when you have been in a public place, or coughing or sneezing.
Cover your mouth with a tissue or handkerchief while coughing or inside your upper sleeve or elbow. Do not cough in your hands.
Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
If you are sick, stay home or wear a facemask when you are not alone at home or surrounded by other people for whom you care.
Smoking, drinking and other activities that weaken the lungs and immune system should be avoided.
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